Grammar Vocabulary

Urdu For Beginners (Complete Guide Free*)

Urdu For Beginners
Written by English Oye

Urdu For Beginners (Complete Guide Free*)! Urdu is one of the most commonly spoken languages in the world. It’s estimated that over 300 million people use Urdu as their first language, and it’s even used as a second language by another 100 million people. If you’re looking to learn this fascinating and unique language, then this post is for you! We’ll provide an overview of Urdu grammar, along with some useful phrases and words that will help get you started. So let’s get started learning Urdu!

How beginners can learn Urdu?

There are many ways that beginners can learn Urdu. One way is to find a tutor or class in your area. This can be done by checking online directories or contacting local educational institutions. Another way is to buy a course or textbook and work through it at your own pace. Finally, there are many free resources available online that can be used to learn the basics of Urdu.

Useful Phrases in Urdu

Some useful phrases in Urdu:

  • Hello/Good morning – As-salāmu ʿalaykum
  • How are you? – Kay haal haiñ aap?
  • What is your name? – Aap ka naam kiya hai?
  • My name is… – Mere naam… hai
  • Please – Meherbani karain/ Shukriya
  • Thank you – Shukriya
  • Yes – Haan
  • No – Naheen
  • I don’t understand – Mujhe samajh naheen aa raha/ Main nahin jaanta
  • Excuse me – Alḵisāl

Phrases to Use in Market places

Some phrases that you can use in marketplaces:

  • How much is this? – Yeh kitna hai?
  • I’ll take this – Mujhe yeh chahiye
  • Do you have anything cheaper? – Kuch sasta aur hai kiya?
  • I don’t want it – Mujhe nahin chahiye
  • I’ll come back later – Mujhe baad mein aana hai

Phrases to Use in Hotel

  1. If you’re planning to stay in a hotel, here are some phrases that will be useful:
  2. I’d like a room for two nights – Mujhe do raat ke liye ek kamra chahiye hai
  3. Do you have any vacancies? – Kya aapke paas kamray haiñ?
  4. What is the rate for a single room? – Ek kamre ka kitna hai?
  5. I’d like a non-smoking room – Mujhe ek smoking na karne wala kamra chahiye hai
  6. I’d like a room with a view – Mujhe ek saf kamra chahiye hai
  7. Can you wake me up at 7 AM? – Kiya aap mujhe subah saat baje utha saktey haiñ?
  8. I’d like to check out at noon – Mujhe do baje checkout karna hai
  9. Thank you for your help! – Aapki madad ke liye shukriya!
  10. Can I see the room first? – Kiya main pehle kamray dekh sakta hoon?
  11. What is the charge for an extra bed? – Ek aur charpai ka kitna hai?

Useful Words in Urdu

Some useful words in Urdu:

  • Cat – Billi
  • Dog – Kutta
  • Man – Admi
  • Woman – Aurat
  • Child – Bachcha
  • Water – Pani
  • Food – Khana
  • House – Ghar
  • Car – Gaadi
  • Table – Mez
  • Chair – Kursi
  • Farewell – Khuda hafiz
  • And – Aur
  • Best of luck! – Aapko bahut badhaai!

Note: If you are visiting Pakistan as a tourist, you do not have to learn this grammar. Most of the people in Pakistan are good at speaking English, they understand the British accent very well. Just learn some common phrases and vocabulary to make your journey more fun and to help yourself while talking with the street sellers and hotel staff.

Urdu Grammar Basics

Now that we’ve covered some useful words and phrases, let’s take a look at the basics of Urdu grammar.

Pronouns

Subject Pronouns

Urdu has six subject pronouns, which are used to refer to the person or thing that is performing the action of the verb. They are as follows:

  • I/we – ham
  • You – tum
  • He/she/it – vo
  • They – ye/vo

To conjugate a verb in Urdu, you simply need to add the appropriate ending to the stem of the verb.

For example, the verb “to write” in Urdu is ‘likhna’. To conjugate this verb for different subjects, you would add the following endings:

  • I write – main likhta hoon
  • We write – ham likhte haiñ
  • You write – tum likhte ho
  • He/she/it writes – vo likhta hai
  • They write – ye/vo likhte haiñ

Object Pronouns

Urdu also has six object pronouns, which are used to refer to the person or thing that is receiving the action of the verb. They are as follows:

  • me – mujhe/meri
  • you – tujhe/teri
  • him – usko/uski
  • her – usko/uski
  • it – usko/uski
  • us – hamko/hamaari

To conjugate a verb in Urdu, you simply need to add the appropriate ending to the stem of the verb.

For example, the verb “to write” in Urdu is ‘likhna’. To conjugate this verb for different objects, you would add the following endings:

  • I write to him – main usko likhta hoon
  • We write to them – ham ye/vo likhte haiñ
  • You write to her – tum usko likhte ho
  • He/she/it writes to me – vo mujhe likhta hai
  • They write to us – ye/vo hamko likhte haiñ

Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are used to show ownership, and in Urdu, they are formed by adding the suffix ‘-ka’ to the subject pronoun. For example:

  • my book – meri kitab
  • your car – tumhaari gaadi
  • his house – uska ghar
  • her dog – uski kuttaa
  • its food – uska khana
  • our table – hamaara mez
  • their children – unke bachchey

Prepositions

Prepositions are words that show the relationship between two nouns, and in Urdu, they are typically placed after the noun they modify. For example:

  • in front of the house – ghar ke saamne
  • behind the car – gaadi ke peechhe
  • to the left of the table – mez ke baaye taraaf
  • to the right of the chair – kursi ke saaray taraaf
  • under the table – mez ke neeche
  • on top of the table – mez ke ooper
  • near the house – ghar ke kareeb
  • far from the car – gaadi sey door
  • inside the house – ghar ke andar
  • outside the house – ghar ke baahar
  • next to the car – gaadi ke saath
  • between the chairs – kursiyo ke beech
  • in front of the house – ghar ke saamne
  • behind the car – gaadi ke peechhe
  • to the left of the table – mez ke baaye taraaf
  • to the right of the chair – kursi ke saaray taraaf
  • under the table – mez ke neeche
  • on top of the table – mez ke ooper
  • near the house – ghar ke kareeb
  • far from the car – gaadi sey door
  • inside the house – ghar ke andar
  • outside the house – ghar ke baahar
  • next to the car – gaadi ke saath
  • between the chairs – kursiyo ke beech

The Verb “To Be”

The verb “to be” is conjugated differently in Urdu than it is in English. In English, the verb “to be” changes depending on the subject, but in Urdu, it remains the same regardless of the subject.

For example:

  • I am a student. – Main ek shaagird hoon.
  • You are a teacher. – Tum ek ustaad ho.
  • He is a doctor. – Vo ek daaoktar hai.
  • She is a nurse. – Vo ek nurse hai.
  • It is a book. – Yeh ek kitab hai.

The Verb “To Have”

The verb “to have” is conjugated differently in Urdu than it is in English. In English, the verb “to have” changes depending on the subject, but in Urdu, it remains the same regardless of the subject.

For example:

  • I have a book. – Meray pass aik kitab hai.
  • You have a car. – Tumharay pass aik gaadi hai.

 

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